Man today is acquiring various types of knowledge. Among these he is learning how to live and act like lions and other animals.
What is the meaning of knowledge (Jnana) ? It is not mere acquantance with numerous books. Even the acquisition of information about all the objects in the world, animate and inanimate, is not knowledge. True knowledge is awareness of the relationship between the individual and the collective (Samashti) and their oneness.
Men today do not recognise the nature of their humanness. How can they recognise their inherent divinity ?
It is only when man is aware of his humanness that he will be competent to recognise his divinity. How, then, is man to recognise his humanness ? What is the means ? Buddha undertook various enquiries to discover the Divine and came to the conclusion that it is only through mastery over his senses he can achieve this. Man has to make the right use of his senses for sacred purposes to realise his divinity.
Hence Buddha declared that the first requisite is Samyag-darsanam (Having the right vision). The implication of this statement is that having been bestowed with the great gift of eyes, man should use them for seeing sacred objects and holy beings. But, on the contrary, by using his eyes to look at unsacred objects and evil persons, man fills himself with bad thoughts and becomes prey to evil tendencies. What one sees influences the feelings in the heart. The state of the heart determines the nature of one's thoughts. The thoughts influence one's speech and one's life.
Hence, to lead a good life the first requisite is a pure vision. Man has to culitivate a pure and sacred outlook. As a result of looking at cruel, ugly and wicked scenes man leads an animal existence. The very first enquiry one should make is to ascertain what is pure, edifying and godly that he should see. Whatever he sees leaves its imprint on man. Few realise the effects of this.
Human life today is racked by anxiety, misery, unrest and troubles of various kinds. The root cause of all this is that man is witnessing what is repulsive, wicked and demeaning. For transforming one's life, the first requisite is a proper vision. The eye (netra) is comparable to a spiritual text (Sastra) and one's vision (drishti) determines one's views of the Cosmos (Srishti). Hence to acquire the highest knowledge one has to purify the vision. This means one should avoid seeing what is obnoxious. One should strive to see only that which is sacred and pure. What man sees is like seeds sown in the heart. Evil scenes give rise to evil thoughts. Good scenes evoke good thoughts. When sacred scenes are implanted in the heart there will be no room for bad feelings or thoughts to grow in the heart.
Purity in Speech
This was the first lesson Buddha taught. Buddha wandered all over the country in search of spiritual peace and liberation. After many years of enquiry he came to the conclusion that the secret of spiritual wisdom was not to be got from scholars or by study. He realised that spiritual understanding can only come from mastery of the senses. From developing sacred vision, man should proceed to Samyag Vachanam (sacred speech). Buddha declared that only sacred thoughts can lead to sacred speech. Buddha declared that the tongue should not be used recklessly to utter whatever one thinks. The tougue has been given to speak the truth, to expatiate on what is sacred and pure. The tongue has not been given to man to pamper the palate with delicious sweets. It is not given for talking as one likes. It is not to be used for causing displeasure to others. Nor is it to be used for indulging in falsehood. The tongue has been given to man to speak the truth, to be sweet to others, to praise the Divine and enjoy the bliss derived from such sacred speech.
There are people who devote their entire time to reading all kinds of books, without trying to put into practice what they learn from such reading. What is the use of such reading ? Buddha spoke out against scholarship unrelated to the good life. He carried out a great deal of study and met many great men. He listened to many discourses. He listened to many discourses. He realised that true knowledge could not be got by these means. He realised that a pure, unsullied consciousness confers the highest knowledge. True knowledge is derived from a pure indder consciousness (Antahkarana).
The Quest for Peace
This year (1998) is dedicated to Peace. How is this Peace to be achieved ? The first requisite is purification of one's vision. The second requisite is the cultivation of sacred feelings within, which will be conducive to purity of speech. Harmony will promote a climate of peace. The well-being of society is bound up with transformation of the individuals composing it. Righteous individuals alone can build a righteous community. A pure mind is essential for pure thoughts, pure vision and pure speech.
The country today has plenty of persons who talk a great deal and display book knowledge, but do not practise even a fraction of what they have read or speak about. It is such people who are responsible for the lamentable plight of the nation.
Good actions and Sadhana
Buddha emphasised goodness in action (Samyag-Karma). The mark of good action is harmony in thought, word and deed. When there is no harmony, the action belies what is said or thought.
Buddha went on to declare that good action is conducive to good spiritual progress (Samyag-Saadhana). Godd deeds constitute genuine spirituality. Mere format worship or ritualistic practices do not constitute spiritual saadhana. True spirituality consists in the unity of thought, word and deed in all their purity and sacredness.
Buddha declared that when spiritual striving of this nature has been completed there is Samyag-Jivanam (leading a pure life).
This is how the five organs of perception (Panchendriyas) should be used to achieve the supreme goal of life. Good vision, good thoughts, good speech, good deeds and good spiritual endeavour are the prerequisites for a good life (Samyag-Jivanam).
In this context, the meaning of spiritual striving should be properly understood. Essentially spiritual striving calls for the shedding of all bad qualities and the cultivation of good thoughts. Spiritual sadhana means cultivating good thoughts and undertaking good deeds.
To achieve happiness man embarks on acquiring various kinds of knowledge and pursues various occupations. He seeks happiness through marriage and having children and building a mansion for his residence. But is he happy thereby ? No.
Buddha's message to Ananda
In his last moments, Buddha summoned his step-brother Ananda to impart to him his final message. Ananda was the son of Gautami (Buddha's step-mother). Placing his palm on the head of his younger brother, Buddha said: "My dear child! I came to the world to teach (the Truth). If anyone asks, 'Where is God?' the answer is : 'He is everywhere'. Truth is God. Speak the Truth. Do not harm anyone. Recognise that the highest Dharma is non-violence (Ahimsa)."
What is Dharma ? It celibacy or the duties of a householder or a renunciation or sanyasi ? These are transient obligations which have to be observed as incidental duties in the journey of life. The Supreme dury is refraining from causing harm to anyone. This truth is proclaimed in the scriptures in the exhortation : "Speak the truth. Speak what is pleasing (Sathyam bruyaath; priyam bruyaath)". Thus pleasing speech is declared as a supreme duty.
Buddha told Ananda that this truth was learnt by him from his own experience. He said : "When I left the palace, my father (the king) was told that I was doing a great wrong in renouncing the family. My parents, kinsmen and others tried to put pressure on me to return to the ties of family life. These wrong efforts on their side made me more determined to pursue the spiritual path. In the quest for spiritual peace several ordeals have to be overcome. Today I have found the Truth about life. What is it ? The sanctification of the five senses is the way to Truth. If the senses are polluted, of what avail are spiritual exercises ? When the water in a tank is polluted, all taps will only give polluted water. Your heart is the tank. Your vision and the thoughts are impure. Your speech is foul. When the heart is polluted in this manner, the senses are bound to be sullied."
When the heart is filled with good thoughts and feelings, all that comes out of the senses - your speech, your vision, your actions - will all be pure. That was why Jayadeva exhorted the God-given tongue to use its sweetness to proclaim the glory og God by chanting the Lord's sweet names : Govinda, Damodara and Madhava. One should always speak sweetly and never use harsh words.
People today are immersed in worldly pursuits to secure transient pleasures but few are interested in spiritual pursuits which will give them everlasting bliss. When people experience spiritual bliss (Atma-ananda) all other forms of happiness will automatically come. People immersed in mundane pursuits have no time for spiritual matters. The Gita exhorts mankind to turn away from the ephemeral attractions of the misery-laden world and to seek the Divine.
You must realise the greatness and preciousness of human life. You witnesses the lion-dance earlier. The external trappings were those of lions but the persons who performed the dance were young men. It is not the external form that matters but the human element behind it. Flaunting the human form without desplaying human qualities is meaningless. You must cultivate human values such as good vision, sweet speech, good thoughts and good actions, which constitute the good life. Only then you will be a total human being.
After getting enlightenment under the Bodhi tree in Gaya, Buddha embarked upon his mission of preaching. Once two of his disciples were accompanying him. Buddha noticed that they were looking at some women who were bringing water from a river. Buddha chided them for their misconduct and expelled them from the Sangha. He said that while walking on the road the eyes should be concentrated on the road in front and should not go astray. (Swami condemned the habit of young men to look at cinema posters on roadside walls while going on bicycles. Such actions are often the cause of serious accidents.)
Buddha declared that good life leads to liberation (Nirvana). This is the sacred consummation for a good life. In this state, a man is free from desires and actions prompted by them.
(Addressing the devotees who had come from overseas
as well as those from all parts of India, Bhagavan said : )
Having taken human birth, all human beings should foster human values. In the Sathya Sai Organization we have given the highest place to human values. It is only when human values are fostered that divine values can emerge.
Before his passing Buddha taught his step-brother, Ananda, the transience of worldly pleasures and the meaninglessness of a purely mundane existence.
When Ananda started weeping, noticing the imminent passing of Buddha, the Enlightned One asked him : "What for are you weeping ?". Ananda said : "I am weeping because of your passing is imminent". Buddha told him that he should not worry about what happens to the body that is perishable and full of infirmities. He exhorted Ananda not to bother about the body or the mind, but lead a life based on dictates of the conscience. Giving this advice, Buddha breathed his last.
Many high-souled spiritual leader like Buddha have shown mankind the path they should follow for reaching the highest goal of life. Bharat has been the unique birth-place of many such saints and sages. Bharat has been the land of men and women known for their purity and holiness. It is the birth-place of sacred beings like Harischandra and others who adhered to the path of truth at any cost. These truths are valid even now.
The New Year
Today you celebrate the New Lunar Year. The year is described as Samvatsara in Sanskrit. This term is also one of the names of God. Hence the advent of the new year should be hailed as the advent of the Divine. Without recognising this divine significance of the new year there is no purpose in celebrating it with lavish decorations and sumptous feasts. It is not the feast that is important. It is the ideal that is to be pursued which is important. Today what is important is the quest for peace within, which can be got only by internal purity.
Human actions have been divided into five categories of which those prompted by the heart are the highest and others done with egoistic motives are inferior. Whatever is done should be done wholeheartedly so that it gets sanctified.
Restraint on Speech
(Emphasising the value of silence and speaking as little as possible, Swami said that since January 1 He had been restricting His speech to a minimum, confining His words to what was necessary. Swami went on to say : )
I am restricting my talking with others even in the interview room. What is the reason ? I want to set an example to others by practicing what I preach. My life is my message. I must show the way. Many do not understand my actions. But, when they do not understand, they should remain silent. But, instead they misinterpret my actions. That is a great sin.
From today, you must resolve to use your eyes properly, to see only the good. If your vision is impaired, do not lament over it. Consider even blindness as a blessing. If your hearing gets worse, do not moan over it. How much of the noise of the world is worth hearing at all ? What use is there in listening to the cacophony of mutual abuse ? Welcome the fact that you are saved from listening to such gossip.
Whatever your disabilities, look upon them as gifts from God. All things will turn out to be for your own good.
Advice to Devotees
Devotees have gathered here from Malaysia, Singapore, Hongkong, Indonesia, Taiwan and Japan. You may have come with many problems and worries. Leave all of them here and return to your places with your hearts filled with bliss. (Cheers). Leave all your bad thoughts and feelings and fill yourselves with the peace and joy of Prasanthi Nilayam. Coming here with restless minds you should not go back in the same state. Prasanthi (Supreme Peace) is very valuable for man. Today peace is not to be found anywhere in the world. You find only 'pieces' (divisions) everywhere. Peace is to be found only here. (Cheers). Carry it with you. This is a place hallowed by the vibrations of numerous good devotees. Many noble souls have spent their lives here. Fill your hearts with their noble thoughts. Do not bother about what others may say. Develop self-confidence and proceed towards self-realisation through self-sacrifice. Ignore incidental troubles which are like passing clouds. Think about God alone. There is nothing more vital than that. Try to acquire Divine Love. Love is God. Live in Love. The best way to love God is to love all, serve all. All are embodiments of God.
Foster love. Adhere to Truth. Follow Righteousness. Achieve Peace. This is the special benediction of Swami on this day on all. Wherever you may go, speak softly and sweetly. Thereby you will earn the esteem of society. This is the most valuable reward you have to secure this new year.
The Gift Swami Wants
You have presented many things as 'gifts' to Bhagawan. This 'Tiger Map' is one of them. That is not the gift I want. Hand over to me your 'tigerly' qualities. That is the gift I would like. The tiger is a cruel animal. Rid yourself of all cruel feelings and offer them to me. Lead the life of a useful, harmless, sacred cow. It gives nourishing milk in return for cheap grass.
Embodiments of Love ! You have come here from long distances, undergoing many discomforts. Return with joy in your hearts and share your joy with the people in your places in an unselfish spirit. A life of selfless love will lead you to liberation.
Listening to your bhajans today gave immense joy to one and all. Community singing sets up vibrations which will cleanse the atmosphere.
(Swami concluded His Discourse with
the song "Bhajana binaa sukha santhi nahi" )
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ps: borrowed from Advent of the Sai Avatar website.